Frontier Neurology PLLC
Neurology Specialists located in El Paso, TX
What are migraines?
Many people think that migraines are severe headaches that make you feel sick. However, migraines are neurological disorders that cause several symptoms, including:
- Severe headache
- Sensitivity to light and sound
- Nausea and vomiting
- Visual disturbances
- Numbness and tingling in your face and extremities
Migraines can last between 4-72 hours and range in severity. You might not have the same symptoms or level of incapacitation as other patients.
Some patients experience a prodrome — symptoms such as visual disturbances like auras or halos or abnormal mood, fatigue, or food cravings that signal the beginning of a migraine attack.
What causes migraines?
There’s no straightforward answer to what causes migraines as everyone has unique triggers. Medical researchers have identified several factors that contribute to the abnormal neurological activity that triggers a migraine attack. For example, your hormones can play a significant role. Many women suffer from migraines at specific points during their menstrual cycle when their hormone levels shift.
Other factors that can contribute to migraines include:
- Disrupted sleep patterns
- Certain foods
- Flickering lights
- Sleep apnea
- Mental health conditions like depression and anxiety
Dr. Elkayam provides comprehensive testing to assess your migraines and identify your triggers.
How are migraines treated?
Following your consultation, exam, and testing, Dr. Elkayam provides personalized treatment plans to alleviate your migraines. Depending on your needs, he might prescribe medication to prevent or relieve your migraines.
For example, anti-seizure medication, antidepressants, and blood pressure medications like beta-blockers and calcium channel blockers can prevent migraine attacks. Additionally, Botox® injections can block the abnormal nerve signals that trigger migraines. Dr. Elkayam might also prescribe drugs like triptans and lasmiditan to alleviate migraine symptoms.
Dr. Elkayam might also help you implement lifestyle changes to improve your wellness and reduce your risk of migraines. He might recommend that you follow a strict sleep routine to ensure that you get sufficient sleep or suggest that you adjust your diet to avoid foods that can trigger migraines. You should also make sure that you drink at least eight glasses of water every day to stay hydrated.
If you suffer from migraines and want customized neurological care, call Ezra Elkayam MD Neurology to make an appointment today.